LIVESTOCK & POULTRY IN NIGERIA
With the exception of poultry, livestock refers to farm animals. Cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses, donkeys, and mules are the most common animals in Western agriculture; other species such as buffalo, oxen, llamas, and camels may prevail in agriculture in other locations.
Poultry is a term used in animal husbandry to describe birds that are kept for meat, eggs, or feathers and are either commercially or domestically raised. Guinea fowl and squabs are primarily of local interest, while chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese are of significant economic value.
Background and history
Animal husbandry began as a cultural transition from hunter-gatherer cultures to settled farming societies. Domestication occurs when humans control the breeding and living situations of animals. Livestock behaviour, lifespan, and physiology have all altered dramatically throughout time. Many modern agricultural animals are unfit for survival in the wild.
The origins of modern-day poultry farming may most likely be traced back to Southeast Asia. Present-day hens, according to Charles Darwin, are descended from a wild species of bird known as "Gallus Bankiva," which evolved in a large region of Asia spanning India to the Philippines and was first domesticated 7,000 years ago. Domestic fowl are the most frequently mentioned domestic animals in history. In fact, traces to them may be found in Chinese documents dating back to 1,400 BC. Poultry farming became a growing livestock industry during the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, thanks to breakthroughs in genetics and nutrition.
Available offers in Nigeria on Jiji
Snails in gigantic, jumbo, and large sizes are available in bulk. Whether you want it live, freshly cleaned, dried, or grilled, we sell it at wholesale prices. Our snails are carefully hand-picked in the Ondo state forest.
In huge quantities, standard healthy fingerlings and post fingerlings are available. We can deliver as much as you need to any state in Nigeria. We also provide fishing (hatchery) training and tapolin ponds of various sizes.
Pros and cons of Livestock & Poultry
If you decide to pursue your poultry farming idea on a commercial basis, you will have a great chance of seeing a big return on your initial investment. You can produce many “crops” of birds for meat products over the course of a year because some poultry birds, like as broiler chickens, only need a few months to mature.
With poultry disease, an entire batch of chicks can be lost. Although most diseases spread by poultry are simple to treat, you have no control over the process until the chicks or birds are in your hands.
Livestock production provides livelihoods and food security to about 1.3 billion people, in addition to its economic worth. It is now one of the agricultural economy's fastest expanding sectors.
Farmers use antibiotics to prevent disease in their livestock, but this leads to the evolution of germs and the growth of drug-resistant infections in the long run.
Management tips for Livestock & Poultry
In a poultry house, the litter serves as bedding for the birds. Birds will naturally peck at the litter in addition to standing and resting on the bedding. Starting with the placement of the chicks and continuing through production, litter condition and quality have an impact on broiler intestine health and profitability. Litter that is overly dry and dusty could be one of several signs that the birds aren't getting enough water. Inhaling too much dusty stuff can cause respiratory issues.
Shelter is the most fundamental aspect of livestock care. You can't keep your livestock outside all day; they'll need somewhere to sleep for the night.
It is important to provide appropriate water to your livestock. This is particularly relevant for animals that are milked. Livestock requires nutrition to stay healthy.