Depending on the purpose of your travel to France, there are different types of visas that will apply to the occasion. Whether you are planning to go on a visit, study or work and reside in France permanently, you will have to apply for a different France Schengen Visa, accordingly. A Schengen visa is a short stay visa allowing its holder to circulate in the Schengen area.The Schengen area covers 26 countries ("Schengen States") without border controls between them.These countries are:Austria,Belgium,the Czech Republic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Italy, Latvia,Liechtenstein,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,the Netherlands,Norway,Poland, Portugal,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden and Switzerland.
A Schengen visa is an authorization issued by a Schengen State with a view to:
transit through or an intended stay in the territory of the Schengen States of a duration of no more than 90 days in any 180 days period ("short stay visa")