HOW TO START SNAIL FARMING BUSINESS AND GROW RICH IN NIGERIA
Snail farming in Nigeria is one of the most lucrative, cost effective, easy to run business that requires very little capital to run compared to other forms of agricultural practices. Snail farming does not require big parcel of land. In fact, one can start a commerci al snail farming business in on e ’s backyard. Snail farming is environmental friendly and t he c ost of feeding them is low. To know more about how and ways to make money from snail farming business read:
As sim ple as the business is, one can not be a successful snail farmer unless one understands the fundamentals of the business. Knowledge is a prerequisite to any successful venture in life; whether it is a snail farming or any business at all . To become a successful snail farmer, one must acquire skills as to the best condition to breed snails, the types of pen required to rear snails, how they reproduce, the types of food they eat, maintenance of the hatchlings and things that can retard their growth.
BENEFITS OF SNAIL FARMING IN NIGERIA
1. It’s easy to run.
2. It is highly lucrative.
3. It is environmental friendly.
4. Snails are highly productive.
5. Low in fat and cholesterol.
6. Highly medicinal and used for health related products.
7. Has traditional healing benefits.
8. A good export opportunity.
9. It contains iron, vitamin A, calcium, magnesium and has very low fat.
SPECIES OF SNAILS REARED IN NIGERIA
There are 3 major types of snails used for snail breeding in Nigeri a and Africa in general d ue to their commercial value . These are: A chatina Marginata (AM) , Achatina Achatina (AA) and Achatina Fulica (AF) . We will hereby describe each specie with visual image s for easy identification.
IDENTIFICATION OF ACHATINA MAGINATA ( AM )
The fleshy part is usually dark brown in color, the shell is blunt and less pointed at the tail end but round unlike the othe r two species. A M snail specie , being the biggest of the three species , sells fast in the market . AM is most sought for specie in Nigeria. It has market acceptability more than the other two species. Therefore, it is advisable for new farmer to begin with AM rearing. It can grow up to 20cm long in si ze and produces between 5 to 15 eggs in a sin gle clutch and 2 to 3 clutches in a y ear. ArchatinaMarginata ’s (AM) eggs usually take between 21 to 32 daysto hatch, its eggs are harder and bigger compared to other species of snails. It takes about 8 to 9 months before itreaches point of laying eggs .
Picture of Achatina Maginata (AM)
IDENTIFICATION OF ACHATINA ACHATINA ( AA )
AA has s harp tail end like AF. It has a tiger patterned shell. It survives in a more humid environment unlike the AM specie.
Picture of Achatina Achatina (AA)
Achatina Fulica (AF): The AF snail also known as the Garden Snail . The tail end is unusually sharp just like the AA. It is the smallest of the three African giant species. It has low market patronage in Nigeria because of its small sizes . It lays between 200 to 500 eggs in a clutch and can produce up to 3 to 4 clutches a year
PICTURE OF ACHATINA FULICA (AF)
WHERE TO SOURCE FOR YOUR SNAILS
Mature adult snails for farming business could either be sourced from deep in the forests or from a snail Farm .The only place you shouldn’t buy snails for rearing is your city and local markets. Live snails from such markets are usually stressed and are best for your pot .
SNAIL HOUSE / SOIL
The best envi ronment to situate your snail pen is a low plain ground. The farm should not be exposed to excessive wind because too much wind would dry out and dehydrate your snails. Your snails should not also be exposed to direct sunlight . It is best to have trees like banana or plantain planted around your snail farm .
PICTURE OF A MINI FREE RANGE SNAIL PEN
Snails cannot be reared on a bear concrete floors without putting soil on it because snails also get some of the calcium required for their growth from soil . The floor of your snail pen must be made up of bala nced soil; the soil must neither be too dry nor waterlogged . You should also make sure the soil of your snail farm is not acidic or clayey as this may be harmful to the snails.
Depending on the scale of snail farming you want to go into, your snails can be reared in a large covered box if you are considering small scale snail farming, or in a concrete pen with soil flooring. Snails could also be reared in trench and free range pens.
The best soi l for rearing snails is loamy soil that has low water retention. The soil of your snail farm is highly critical to the growth and survival of the snails because snails derive calcium used for forming its shell from the soil. It also gets its water fr om the soil and lays its eggs inthe soil.
Picture of the ideal soil for your snail pen
Feeding is one of the most important factor s in snail farming. Snails are easy to feed, they will feed on nearly every organic food source t hat is non-toxic, including leaves, fruits, vegetables , tubers and household wastes that does not contain table salt .
Snails enjoy common food such as fruits and vegetableslike banana, melon, cabbage, carrot, pawpaw, lettuce, cucumber, potato, pu mpkin, plantain etc. you can equallyformulate special feeds for your snails.
It is also encouraged to give c alcium supplement to your snails once in a while to help them in formation of their shells
The most interesting part of snail farming business is that you could start with little capital and the business will grow within a short period of time. Therefore, I advise every youths and adults including retirees to key into this lucrative business
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