Bed bug infestations usually occur near areas where people sleep. Fast-moving and nocturnal, bed bugs prefer the host’s head, neck, and upper extremities. The bugs feed from three to 10 minutes until engorged and then crawl away unnoticed. During the day, they hide in the areas around the bed such as the headboard, nightstand, etc. Bed bugs prefer a human host and are attracted by body temperature, natural body odor, and carbon dioxide the host exhales.
When a bed bug bites, they inject saliva containing an anesthetic that prevents a person from realizing they are being bitten and an anticoagulant to thin the blood and increase its blood meal. Most people do not realize they have been bitten until bite marks appear anywhere from one to 14 days after the initial bite.
Having a bed bug infestation in your home can be more than just a nuisance and may cause some homeowners significant stress, resulting in many sleepless nights. Imagine how difficult or embarrassing it might be to call friends or relatives who recently visited to tell them about your pest problem!
Bed bugs are not known to spread disease. However their presence may cause itching and lack of sleep. The bite marks are similar to mosquitoes and fleas – a slightly swollen and red area that may itch and be irritating however excessive scratching of the bite site can lead to a secondary infection. Those experiencing an allergic reaction may develop painful lesions and may require medical attention