A heart attack (also known as a myocardial infarction) is the death of heart muscle from the sudden blockage of a coronary artery by a blood clot. Coronary arteries are blood vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen. Blockage of a coronary artery deprives the heart muscle of blood and oxygen, causing injury to the heart muscle. Injury to the heart muscle causes chest pain and chest pressure sensation. If blood flow is not restored to the heart muscle within 20 to 40 minutes, irreversible death of the heart muscle will begin to occur. Heart muscle continues to die for six to eight hours at which time the heart attack usually is “complete.” The dead heart muscle is eventually replaced by scar tissue. WHEN A HEART ATTACK OCCURS, NO TIME MUST BE LOST IN GETTING THE PATIENT TO HOSPITAL.
Causes of heart disease
1. Atherosclerosis, thrombosis and arteriosclerosis
Two main factors are responsible for heart disease: atherosclerosis (the formation of deposits) and the presence of blood clots (thick blood). However, there is a third problem that can usually does occur along with atherosclerosis. That is arteriosclerosis, the hardening of the arteries. Arteries are elastic and, whether or not atherosclerosis is present, tend to lose their elasticity and harden with age. One reason for this is a lack of vitamin C, which is needed to make collagen, the intercellular ‘glue’ that keeps skin and arteries supple. Arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis and thick blood can all raise blood pressure, putting you at greater risk of thrombosis, angina, a heart attack or a stroke.
2. High blood pressure
In the same way that the pressure in a horsepipe increases and decreases as the tap is turned on and off, the pressure in the arteries increases when the heart beats and decreases in the lull before the next beat. These are called your systolic and diastolic blood pressure respectively. If the arteries are blocked, or if the blood is too thick, the pressure increases in order to provide enough blood for the heart. Normal blood pressure is below 120/80; blood pressure between 120/80 and 139/89 is called “pre-hypertension”, and a blood pressure of 140/90 or above is considered high. An elevation of the systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure causes arteriosclerosis, which in turn, increases risk of developing heart disease.
3. High blood lipid
Hyperlipidemia (high blood lipid) refers to increased levels of lipids (fats) in the blood, including cholesterol and triglycerides. Cholesterol can’t dissolve in the blood. It has to be transported to and from the cells by carriers called lipoproteins. If it is combined with low-density lipoprotein, or LDL, it is known as “bad” cholesterol; combined with high-density lipoprotein, or HDL, it is known as “good” cholesterol.
LDL (Bad) Cholesterol
If a large proportion of a person’s cholesterol is combined with LDL it is more likely to be deposited in the artery walls. Together with other substances, it can form plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can narrow the arteries and make them less flexible. This condition is known as atherosclerosis. If a clot forms and blocks a narrowed artery, heart attack or stroke can result.
HDL (good) Cholesterol
HDL take cholesterol out of the arteries and back to the liver. So it has been popularized as “good” cholesterol.
The ideal ratio is one part HDL cholesterol to three parts total cholesterol (the combination of LDL, HDL and triglycerides level in your blood).
Triglyceride is a form of fat made in the body. Elevated triglycerides can be due to overweight/obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates (60 percent of total calories or more). People with high triglycerides often have a high total cholesterol level, including a high LDL (bad) level and a low HDL (good) level. Many people with heart disease and/or diabetes also have high triglyceride levels.
4. High level of homocysteine
Research conducted by VA Medical Center in Providence, Rhode Island, USA; Massachusetts-based Framingham Heart Study carried out by the European Concerted Action Group from nineteen medical centers in nine European countries suggested that having a high level of homocysteine in the blood was as great a risk factor for cardiovascular disease as smoking or having elevated blood cholesterol level. By taking Vitamin B Complex, specifically, folic acid, B12 and B6 may lower your homocysteine scores.
How can you have a healthy heart?
Take a heart healthy diet
The heart healthy diet can lower LDL cholesterol by reducing saturated fat intake including beef, butter, cheese, milk, and coconut and palm oils. Lower triglyceride levels by reducing consumption of sugary and processed foods. The diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy products that can help protect your heart. Healthy diet will dramatically reduce the risk of many heart disorders.
Stay away from smoking and alcohol
There are more than 4800 chemicals contained in cigarette. Particularly, the nicotine which can damage your heart by narrowing the arteries, increasing heart beat and blood pressure. Many studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption helps protect against heart disease by raising HDL (good) cholesterol and reducing plaque accumulations in your arteries. However heavy drinking will damage the heart and increasing blood pressure.
Take regular physical exercise
Regularly participating in moderately vigorous physical activity can prevent heart disease by keeping normal weight which can reduce the risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. It also releases stress and regulates your emotions which may also be a factor in heart disease.
Green World Cardio Care Products
Cardio Power Capsule
Deep Sea Fish Oil Softgel
Ginkgo Biloba Capsule
Compound Co-Q10 Capsule
Garlic Oil Softgel