Bed Bug Control - How To Kill Bed Bugs
Prepare the area : Pre-treatment/fumigation &eradication Procedures
• Reduce clutter to make bed bug inspection easier. Be careful when removing items from the infested area to other areas because you may transfer the bed bugs.
• Personal items (stuffed animals, soft toys, and blankets) should be removed, cleaned with a vacuum cleaner, and bagged in plastic for a couple of days. You can also bag laptops, phones and radios as well. The insecticide will not harm these items, and is non-residual, so you don't have to launder them after using bed bug fumigations services
• Dismantling bed frames in infested areas may expose , Keep them on for a year.
• Active Guard Mattress Liners may be used on the mattress or box springs, killing bed bugs and dust mites for two years. Not only will it kill active bedbugs, but helps prevent bed bugs from infesting beds.
Inspection Check List
The common bed bug is visible to the naked eye. Adult bed bugs are brown to reddish-brown, oval-shaped, flattened, and about 1/4 to 5/8 inch long. Their flat shape enables them to readily hide in cracks and crevices. After a blood meal, the body elongates and becomes swollen. Eggs are not placed on the host's body, but are found on surfaces near where the flattened bodies. Bed bugs prefer to hide in cracks and crevices during the daytime and come out to feed on the host's blood at night, usually while the host is sleeping. Since bed bugs can flatten their bodies, they fit in very small crevices, specially around the bed area. They are found in habitual hiding places, preferably close to a blood meal. Even though the their preference is to be close they can travel several feet for a blood meal. Initial infestations tend to be around beds, but the bugs eventually become scattered throughout a room, occupying any crevice or protected location. They can also spread to adjacent rooms or apartments.
• Look for areas near where the bed bugs are biting. Main areas of inspection are cracks and crevices in head and foot boards and attached side railings and supports.
• Look for any cracks or crevices where bed bugs may crawl into to hide. If the top of the mattress has any rips, the bed bugs may hide there as well. Look in your boxsprings also, both top and bottom for any rips that might shelter these bugs.
• Cracks and crevices in head and foot boards, attached side railings and supports
• Inspect mattresses top, sides and bottom. Check all buttons, seams and rips.
• Inspect electrical switch plates, pictures on walls, wall posters
• Inspect cracks in plaster or seams in wall paper.
• Inspect electrical appliances-radios, phones, televisions, ect., look in hiding places.
• Inspect tack strips under wall-to-wall carpeting and behind baseboards
• Inspect secondhand beds, bedding, and furniture. Many newer mattresses do not offer as much shelter and protection for the bed bugs to hide.
• Pictures: Dark spots of bed bug excrement on a mattress
• (Part A)
Do I Have to Throw Out the Mattress?
This question is answered by the condition of the mattress and the size of infestation. If there are holes or tears in the gauze fabric or fabric of the mattress, bed bugs and eggs may be inside, as well as outside. There are restrictions on how beds can be treated with insecticides. We carry both Mattress Safe Bed Bug Encasements and ActiveGuard Mattress Liners.
1. Mattress Safe Encasements: Mattress Safe Products are bed encasements to place over your mattress or boxspring so you don't have to throw them away. They are bedbug certified. If using a labeled insecticide on the mattress or boxspring first, apply on mattress or box springs then zip it up. It has a patented hook to keep the bed bugs inside the encasement so they cannot escape. Keep the encasement in place for one year (due to bed bug life cycles).
2. Active Guard Liners: Active Guard Mattress Liners may be placed on beds and are effective as both preventative and active bed bug treatments. They kill bed bugs and dust mites within 72 hours and will prevent bed bugs from infesting mattresses. ActiveGuard Liners act like a fitted sheet; it comes in single, full, queen, and king sizes that fit up to 17" in depth.
If you decide against Mattress Safe Encasements or ActiveGuard Liners, use insecticides labeled for beds such as Steri-Fab, Cimexa Dust, Phantom Aerosol, Bedlam Aerosol, or Temprid SC (See below).
How to treat the mattress with insecticides:
Look carefully at the folds and seams of the mattress, the headboard, foot board (if present), box spring/support platform, frame, etc for bedbugs and treat these area after vacumming.
• They hide in the folds and tufts of mattresses, coils of springs, cracks and hollow posts of bed stands bed rails and headboards. They may be found in box springs, inside the cabinetry of furniture and the bottom and sides of drawers.
• Bed bugs may hide in upholstery of chairs and sofas.
• They are not restricted to these places, however.
• A second common source for bedbug infestation occurs in homes where bats, swallows, chimney swifts, pigeons, or other wild hosts have been roosting. Although similar in appearance, these bedbug species that normally feed on bats and birds can be differentiated from the Common Bedbug that prefer humans.
• The bat bed bug can and often feeds on humans. The bat bedbug has long hairs on it's body. Eliminate their bat hosts from the building and seal all openings so that bats cannot enter.
• Another group of bugs resembling the bed bug infest birds. These bugs are usually confined to bird nests. To control these parasites, the birds and their nests must be removed, and an application with a residual spray such as Temprid SC should be applied to the area.
What do bed bug bites look like and do they carry disease?
• Bed bugs do not carry disease.
• They do suck blood from their host with piercing mouth parts but the bite is painless.
• The skin may become irritated or inflamed due to the salivary fluid injected by the bed bugs. A small, hard, swollen, white welt may develop at the site of each bite.
• Bed bugs do not live under the skin. If you experience biting sensations during the day, it may be an allergy related condition.
• (Other possible sources of irritation are discussed in University of Kentucky entomology fact sheet Invisible Itches: Insect and Non-Insect Causes).
Preventing Bed Bug Infestations
It's important to inspect used furniture, particularly bed frames and mattresses before bringing it into the home. Mattresses, in particular, carry the greatest risk of harboring Bed Bugs and their eggs. You should be wary of acquiring used furnishings, especially beds and couches.
A practice that we have incorporated in our traveling is to inspect for bed bugs in hotel rooms. If possible, carry a flashlight with you and inspect the bed area completely as described above. Also, you may want to inspect or vacuum luggage when you arrive home to prevent tranferring bed bugs to your home.
ActiveGuard Mattress Liners, impregnated with Permethrin will prevent bed bug infestation on beds.
Can I prevent bed bugs from entering my home?
• After coming home from a trip some infestations can be prevented by washing any clothing or bedding used on the trip. Do this immediately.
• If you buy used furniture, inspect all the items before bringing them into your residence.
• Never bring discarded bed frames, mattresses, box springs, or upholstered furniture into your home.
For more details and bookings please call
CHOGON Bed Bugs and Eradication Services